Columns

20 Sep
The perfect place to store your recreational gear

FALL IN FLORIDA offers near-perfect weather for enjoying the great outdoors. The summer rains are tapering off, the average temperatures are more comfortable, and many in the ag industry are not in the busiest time of harvest season and can carve out a little recreation and family fun!

20 Sep
A review of power farm equipment exemptions

WITH A KEEN EYE on the business bottom line, it serves you well to stay on top of all the tax exemptions available from the state and federal governments and use every one that applies to your particular operation. In most cases, accountants and tax lawyers are the folks paid to be up to date

18 Sep
From the Editor’s Desk: Congrats, Youth Speech Contest winners

Pictured, from left: Scarlett Jackson, Warner University; Kaylee Norris, Warner University; Jamie Lang, PNC Bank; Taylor Ladd, Auburndale High School; Lacee Richardson, Kathleen High School; and Amelia Parsons, Ridge Community High School. As the first-place winner at the county level, Lacee Richardson will represent Polk County in the District contest on September 17. She also

17 Sep
PCFB President’s Column: Looking back on the Young Farmer & Rancher State Leadership Conference

WE ARE PROUD to have had great participation at the recent Young Farmer & Rancher State Leadership Conference. Polk County Farm Bureau had 15 members of its YF&R Committee attend, and I’m pleased to announce that Polk’s YF&R Committee was recognized at the event with the Florida Farm Bureau YF&R Activity Award. Congratulations, Polk YF&R!

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14 Sep
2015 Farm Income Forecast: Profitability expected to weaken, but with a ‘however’

THE USDA’s ANNUAL Farm Income Forecast has been released, and it predicts that profitability will continue a weakening trend that started in 2014. Net cash income is projected to fall by 21 percent to $100.3 billion, due to lower crop and livestock receipts. Net farm income is projected to be down by 26 percent to

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14 Sep
Inviting the public to come out and have fun on the farm

POSITIVE PUBLIC AWARENESS is a significant aspect of agriculture today. In fact, I would say that the issue of public awareness is almost as important today as repairing our soils’ microbial populations with compost and compost tea. As the agriculture community becomes smaller and more diversified, our farms, groves, and ranches are encroached upon by

11 Sep
Making rural land ownership simple for the land lover

WITH THIS BEING the AgriTourism and Recreation edition of Central Florida Ag News, I thought it would be a good time to talk about our Rural Land and Home Loans, and why it’s a perfect fit for the rural land lover or hobby farmer looking to plant some roots and enjoy a little “fun on

01 Sep
Helping you answer two key questions for small farm diversification

“DON’T PUT all of your eggs in the same basket.” The adage that originated in agriculture — the wise diversification advice applied most often to investment strategy — has come full circle in a big way. Diversity in financial investments and business services is a smart move, and so it is in the business of

01 Sep
Alternative methods of growing crops in a tough environment

PROGRESSIVE GROWERS today are looking for alternative growing methods for conventional farming and gardening. They are seeking alternatives to chemical sprays for fungicides and pesticides. Their desire is to become better and more efficient growers by developing a mind-set of sustainability as they come to understand harsh chemicals and overfertilization do much damage to the

26 Aug
Organic agriculture offers additional economic opportunities

THE ORGANIC agriculture industry is booming in the U.S. and around the globe, despite the fact that conventionally grown fruits and vegetables are as safe and as healthy as their organic counterparts. Some people might mistakenly perceive the organic industry as an opponent or adversary to conventional methods of farming, but the truth of the

25 Aug
Habronemiasis (summer sores)

SUMMER SORE is a common term for a skin wound (dermatitis) caused by the Habronema worm larvae. The adult Habronema live and lay eggs in the stomach of infected horses. Once the eggs hatch, the larvae are then passed into the manure of the horse, where they are ingested by fly maggots. Once the maggots

24 Aug
PCFB President’s Column: It’s membership recruitment time

AUGUST is membership recruitment month! I hope that current members will encourage others to join, and if you are not a member — you should be! Everyone involved in and around agriculture should become a part of this local grassroots organization that protects and promotes the agriculture industry in Polk County. Florida Farm Bureau has

24 Aug
Publisher Letter: Events that will help you expand, diversify, and increase efficiency

AS WE FOCUS on how farms and ranches can diversify with alternative crops, there are a few events happening this month that I’d like to bring to your attention. These conferences are put in place to help growers and ranchers of all shapes and sizes expand, diversify, and operate as efficiently as possible.

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24 Aug
From the Editor’s Desk: Do you teach your kids agriculture?

THIS PAST SPRING, we were able to take our kids to a local farm for u-pick blueberries. It was a nice pre-summer day — breezy, but still hot by non-Floridian standards. Still, it was just right for us Sunshine State natives. We had them out with hats, plenty of sun-block, and ready for lots of

19 Aug
Important lingo of the cold storage operation, Part II

LAST MONTH, we introduced you to a few of the terms common to the public refrigerated warehousing (PRW) and cold supply chain industries, and we promised we would continue the topic this month. So, here they are — five more terms to help make you feel right at home during a visit to any cold

19 Aug
Lots of rain making insects more active

CENTRAL FLORIDA has experienced a very wet summer, and with it the insects are very active this year, so you need to create your “most-wanted” list of pests to look out for and manage, if necessary. Check your lawns and gardens for mole crickets, chinch bugs, sod webworms, azalea caterpillars, white flies, and more.

19 Aug
Innovations in irrigation

THEY SAY “nothing is as sure as change,” and no matter what type of business you’re in, agriculture or otherwise, you’ll find it always rings true. However, here at Domer’s, Inc., we like to think of it as innovation rather than just change.

31 Jul
Akin to one of our steel buildings

AS A BUSINESS, USA Quality Steel Barns & Garages has close ties with the agriculture industry through all of the barns and other ag outbuildings that we’ve installed over the years. As individuals, we work and play alongside the growers and producers who work so hard to provide produce like citrus, beef and other farm-made

26 Jul
Soil life challenges: Beneficial minerals in organic humus-composted soil amendment

HUMUS, when used as a soil amendment, is very beneficial in bringing life to your nearly dead sandy Central Florida soils. The beneficial microbial life (i.e., bacteria, fungi, and protozoa) have and are mineralizing calcium, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, and boron, which are found in abundant levels in a quality organically composted humus.

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25 Jul
Equine white line disease

WHITE LINE DISEASE (seedy toe, hoof wall disease) is a common disease seen in the equine foot that may or may not result in lameness. This disease occurs with separation of the hoof wall from the underlying tissue and then colonization with bacteria. Separation is caused by environmental conditions, mineral toxicity or mechanical stresses on

25 Jul
From the Editor’s Desk: Congrats to FAMU president on new trade policy post

Elmira Mangum, Ph.D, chosen to serve on U.S. Agricultural Policy Advisory Committee for Trade IN RECENT agricultural news, the president of Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University (FAMU), Elmira Mangum, Ph.D, will be serving on the country’s Agricultural Policy Advisory Committee (APAC) for Trade. Selected by U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Secretary Tom Vilsack via a

24 Jul
Facing the threat of greening

IT’S RARE TODAY to read an article or column about Florida citrus without seeing a reference to citrus greening (Huanglongbing, or HLB), the tree disease that has seriously compromised citrus production all across the state since it was first found in Florida, near Homestead, in August 2005.

24 Jul
Important lingo of the cold-storage operation

EVERY INDUSTRY has its own lingo — words and phrases understood by those who work in or have some familiarity with that industry. At a cold-storage operation, the unique vocabulary can be lengthy for a couple of reasons: One, it’s actually part of two industries — public refrigerated warehousing (PRW) and the broader cold supply

24 Jul
Publisher Letter: Happy anniversary, Central Florida Ag News!

THIS EDITION of Central Florida Ag News has a very special theme, one that I believe captures the spirit of our agriculture community. In this year’s Annual Citrus Report, we present the latest numbers on the recent harvest and the cutting-edge research under way to help find long-term solutions for citrus greening. Also in the

24 Jul
Summertime for citrus: Your irrigation check-up

ALTHOUGH SUMMER is when most Florida citrus growers take a collective sigh of relief after the harvest season, it’s still a busy time for the industry, and it’s one where farmers should pay close attention to irrigation and water usage. Since citrus harvesting is at its end, it’s time to start preparation for next season’s

24 Jul
See lawn improvements with regular feeding, mowing

THIS TIME of the summer, during the peak of the grass-growing season, you can easily tell if your lawn is receiving the nutrition it needs. Just look for weeds. Hungry lawns usually are weedy lawns. Why? Because weeds sprout at a lower fertility level than do turf grasses.

22 Jul
Citrus study offers lesson in ‘irresponsible science’

SCIENCE IS A BELOVED ASPECT of agriculture, as it has long influenced agriculture in such a positive way. A shining example of science’s positive impact would be all the research that is ongoing on curing citrus greening. From biology to chemistry to earth science, science has helped agriculture to grow and raise more food with

22 Jun
Soil life challenges

OUR SANDY SOILS in Florida are a constant challenge to all growers of all crops. We have an inadequate amount of organic matter to give us the platform we need to work from.

21 Jun
Summer irrigation checkup

SUMMER IS A BUSY time for Florida blueberry growers, and it’s one where growers should pay close attention to irrigation and water usage. Since berry picking is over, plants are pruned to encourage important new growth that will carry next year’s berries. It’s a crucial time for water management, according to a study conducted by

20 Jun
Publisher Letter: Your Blueberry Roundup edition

WELCOME TO the Annual Blueberry Roundup edition of Central Florida Ag News! As a Florida blueberry grower myself, this edition has personal meaning to me. Some of the experiences of growers that you’ll be reading about hit pretty close to home for me, but it’s also true that every grower’s experience — for every season

18 Jun
Equine protozoal myeloencephalitis

EQUINE PROTOZOAL myeloencephalitis (EPM) is a neurological disease in horses and is caused by the protozoan Sarcocystis neurona, which affects the brain and spinal cord. The protozoan requires two hosts to complete its life cycle, a definitive and an intermediate host. Opossums are the definitive hosts and cats, raccoons, armadillos, and skunks are intermediate hosts.

18 Jun
From the Editor’s Desk: New citrus varieties available for live field trials

BEING BORN AND RAISED in Central Florida, I happen to know lot of folks in the Sunshine State who like the University of Florida sports teams (and a lot them who don’t). But, even if you are an anti-die-hard UF sports fan — if you have any kind of appreciation for agriculture — there are

18 Jun
Repair regulations: Available elections (Part 4)

TAXPAYERS MAY CHOOSE to take advantage of the de minis safe harbor election under the new tangible repair regulations, as we discussed last month. However, there are other available elections that may better suit your business. The safe harbor election for small businesses and the election to capitalize repair and maintenance costs will alleviate the

18 Jun
Hurricane preparedness for your outbuildings

JUNE 1 brought the start of the 2015 Atlantic hurricane season, which is incentive enough to ensure that your prized items — be they vehicles, recreational water craft or beasts of the four-legged variety — have a safe place to ride out a storm. Are your outbuildings up to the challenge?

18 Jun
Back to basics: Form I-9 and E-Verify

IF YOU’RE THE OWNER or manager of a business with employees, you probably already know a little about federal employment law. That would be the law that requires companies to employ only those individuals who may legally work in the United States — either U.S. citizens or foreign citizens who have the necessary authorization.

17 Jun
The proposed Safe Food Act of 2015, Part II

LAST MONTH, we introduced the topic of the proposed Safe Food Act (SFA) of 2015. The legislation, a move to merge the nation’s 15 food-safety agencies into one massive new agency, has been filed in Congress for the fifth time. This month, we’ll share why the bill likely won’t get anywhere — again.

17 Jun
Preventing and protecting our lands from wildfires

SO FAR THIS YEAR, more than 1,300 wildfires have ravaged our lands and forests. Florida wildfires are a real and present danger, relevant to all landowners — whether residential, rural, or agricultural. When a wildfire breaks out, the risk to loss of timber, wildlife habitat, homes, as well as animal and human lives is a

16 Jun
Stewards of the land and our environment

OFTENTIMES, FARMERS, RANCHERS and other ag folks are portrayed as being at odds with environmentalists and conservationists. Nothing could be further from the truth. As an agriculture and environmental lawyer, I can attest that there are few people who care as much about the land they live and work on and their animals as do

16 Jun
Conditions usually ideal now for lawn planting, patching

THERE ARE TWO kinds of sunshine — the radiant kind and the liquid kind — and we get plenty of both this time of year in Central Florida. If they come in the proper proportion, we have ideal conditions for grass planting and patching, tasks that leads our lawn and garden recommendations this month. You

21 May
From the Editor’s Desk: Lessons learned from hard work

IN POLITICS, movies, and the media, we tend to hear a lot of rhetoric about the glass ceiling, and the gender roles pushed on women by centuries of oppression and prejudice. As a woman and an admitted hopeless optimist, I like to focus on the role models who — regardless of their circumstance or the

20 May
The pesticide ‘calculator’

THE AGRICULTURE industry is steeped in history and tradition, but it is also constantly on the cutting edge of technology and everchanging. As the world population grows, issues like environmentalism and feeding billions of hungry mouths are just a few that farmers, ranchers, and others in agriculture face every day.

18 May
Repair Regulations: De minis safe harbor election (Part 3)

OVER THE LAST two months, I have gone over the fundamentals of the new tangible repair regulations, which apply to taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2014. Though an overview is helpful when it comes to understanding the basics, there are many more elements of the repair regulations to consider, including the elections

18 May
Offering diverse options for all your outbuilding needs

MOST BARNS and outbuildings are “working” buildings; in other words, they are built to perform a specific function or duty. Some outbuildings keep equipment and vehicles safe and out of the elements, while others store materials or produce, and still others house livestock or pets. Each garage, barn, car/RV port or shed has a job

17 May
The proposed Safe Food Act of 2015

MANY WILL REMEMBER the creation of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Established in 2002 as a result of the 9/11 terrorist attacks on America a year earlier, DHS combined 22 different federal departments and agencies into one huge Cabinet-level agency. As massive as that government shift was, its impact has been felt mostly by

16 May
Publisher Letter: A growing sensation among Florida crops

AS THE NUMBER of peach acres continues to climb in Florida, so does the consumer’s love for this sensation. The Florida peach is not only juicy and sweet, but they’re also the only peaches available from mid-March to mid-May. What spells opportunity better than a great product and a market window with no direct competitors?

13 May
Fine tune your garden with the best of summer-growing vegetables

BACKYARD VEGETABLE gardening in Central Florida is more than just exercise; it’s an exercise in transition, with each month providing better conditions for growing some plants rather than others. Now that we’re in the heart of May, we can recommend okra, cowpeas, collard greens, mustard, cherry tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers, and eggplant as good summer vegetables

19 Apr
Trending on the farm: Steel barns and outbuildings

THEY SAY NECESSITY is the mother of invention, and it’s the spark that lights innovation as well. Here in Florida, a good portion of the year offers daily rain showers, hot temperatures, and high humidity. It’s also a haven for insects like termites and other wood-loving critters. This all adds up to bad news for

18 Apr
Domer’s: We offer the original branding

THE TERM “BRANDING” might mean a lot more to the business world these days, but to the cattle industry it will always mean the practice of labeling cattle with a metal branding iron to show ownership. The tradition is one that is in our company’s roots, dating back to the hand-made branding irons created by

18 Apr
From the Editor’s Desk: Speaking of agriliving …

Artists recognized for their depictions of ag THERE’S NO DOUBT about it. There’s just something special about the Southern lifestyle we’re able to enjoy here in Florida. It’s unlike any other place in the South. I’d venture to say it’s unlike any other place in the world, but, of course, as a Florida native and

17 Apr
Time to evaluate your business strategy

UNBELIEVABLY, the first three months of the year have already passed us by. For those who operate a small business, this might be a good time to determine how well you’re doing against the business plan you established for 2015 and put into place on Jan. 1.

16 Apr
What statistics say about the ‘agrilifestyle’

WHEN THE FOLKS from Central Florida Ag News told me that this was the magazine’s annual “AgriLiving” issue, I thought to myself: “I sure have been ‘agriliving’ for quite a while.” By that, I mean that people who become farmers and ranchers tend to stay farmers and ranchers for their entire lives. Their families also

15 Apr
Pigeon fever: Most common in the West, it can affect Florida horses

PIGEON FEVER is a common name for an infection caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis. The reason it is called pigeon fever is that the bacteria tends to localize and form abscesses in the pectoral region and ventral abdomen of the horse, giving the horse a “pigeon-breast” appearance. This bacterium lives and multiplies in dry

14 Apr
Repair regulations: Changing your method of accounting (Part 2)

MANY OF YOU reading this article may have already noticed that your tax preparer gave you an additional form to sign this year, Form 3115, Application for Change in Accounting Method. One of the most common questions when it comes to the new tangible repair regulations is, “Why are we changing our method of accounting?”

29 Mar
From the Editor’s Desk: Furthering agriculture through education

SOME OF MY FAVORITE pictures from the Florida Strawberry Festival and the Florida State Fair capture the lessons that are taught to — and learned by — future generations. To further the advancement of the Florida agriculture industry, and continue to meet the demands of a growing populace in need of food, traditions like festivals

24 Mar
Be prepared for equine emergencies

YOUR HORSE is an important member of your family, so it is important to be prepared in case of an emergency. Emergencies are stressful, emotional, and can happen at any time. Being prepared and ready to handle different emergency situations can improve the outcome of the emergency. Make sure to have important phone numbers (i.e.,

23 Mar
Characteristics of a quality-made structure

WHEN YOU’RE LOOKING to put up an outbuilding like a barn, garage, or carport, you want to get your investment’s worth with a quality product. In Florida, that means your structure will stand up to the area’s humidity and rainy climate, high temperatures, and annual hurricane season. How do you know when a structure is

23 Mar
A look back at the roots of National FFA Week

AGRICULTURE has been a part of this country from its inception during the American Revolution, and by its very nature agriculture must remain a vital part of America. National FFA Week was the last week in February, and it affords us the opportunity to look at the history and the future of farming and agriculture.

21 Mar
Introduction to the new repair regulations

ONE OF THE most talked about topics this tax season is the new tangible repair regulations. With the final regulations applying to taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2014, many businesses are currently trying to ensure that they conform to the new rules. In the next few months, I will be examining different

18 Mar
Life and legacy: Charting a start

YOU’VE WORKED HARD to build your wealth and provide for your family. To be confident that the legacy you envision will become a reality, it’s critical to establish and maintain an estate plan. And in turn, it is highly important to look at your whole financial picture and your personal situation to help develop an

18 Mar
Meeting the Family Farmer’s Unique Lending Needs

Family farming. There’s just something about the phrase that brings to mind so many positive thoughts and images — tight-knit bonds; hard but honest and rewarding work; a respect and appreciation for the land; conservation born out of a love for nature; labor that feeds a community and feeds the world; and parents, grandparents, children,

16 Mar
A great move for our industry

WHEN IT COMES to young people, you can’t teach them too much about agriculture and you can’t have too many of them getting into the business. Agriculture has so much to offer — rewarding careers; a good livelihood for families; personal fulfillment and enrichment; economic stimulation; and sustenance for our fellow man, both here and

27 Feb
The right lender to grow with the farming industry

A CASUAL DRIVE almost anywhere in Central Florida provides ample evidence of an agricultural boom, particularly in the realm of row crops, the kind providing consumers with fresh produce and berries. It’s not at all unusual to discover that land seen vacant a year ago is now rich with plants bearing tasty blueberries or vegetables.

21 Feb
A structure that is strong and durable

MOST AREAS of the country have an environment that can be hard on buildings and structures in some form or another; Florida is no exception. The Sunshine State’s hot weather, significant rainfall, and frequent thunderstorms, hurricanes, and the occasional tornado mean that our structures have to be well built using quality materials in order to

21 Feb
Growing your business in 2015 starts with a plan

AS YOU REFLECT on 2014 and begin planning for 2015, it’s a good time to re-evaluate your business and personal financial plans. Your financial life encompasses much more than the current markets. It’s about what’s most important to you, how you want to live right now, and what your goals are for the future.

20 Feb
Cost Share Programs for Best Management Practices (BMPs)

IF YOU RUN an agriculture operation, you may already be implementing Best Management Practices (BMPs). If you are unfamiliar with BMPs, they are measures intended to improve water quality while maintaining agricultural production, including methods to reduce fertilizers, pesticides, animal waste, and other pollutants entering our water resources. Typical practices include nutrient management, irrigation management,

20 Feb
A business philosophy that stands the tests of time

COMPETITION CAN BE a tough row to hoe in the business world. Businesses have to stand out from the pack. We are fourth-generation owners/operators, and Domer’s, Inc. has survived the Great Depression of the 1930s, the economic downturn of a few years ago, and everything in between. Despite changes in technology, we haven’t changed how

20 Feb
Technology in public refrigerated warehousing

HOW DOES a public refrigerated warehousing (PRW) operation keep the cold air in and the warm air out? We began to answer that question last month, when the focus was on better construction materials, specifically better insulated walls and moisture barriers. This month, technology takes the stage.

19 Feb
Publisher Letter: Celebrating the red gems of Florida

If Florida citrus is the state’s icon, then Florida strawberries could be called the red gems in our fields. As the second-largest producing region for strawberries in the U.S. — and the only region in the country that produces them in the winter — there are few things that can be compared to our sweet

19 Feb
Federal labor rule changes

Does the acronym FLSA mean anything to you? If you own a business, you’ve probably heard something about it. If you have employees or work in a human resources department, it’s a sure bet.

19 Feb
From the Editor’s Desk: Results of 2015 Polk Agriculture Economic Impact Study to be unveiled

IT SHOULDN’T come as a surprise to you that agriculture is counted among the top economic drivers in our great state of Florida. If it does, then the information I’m about to share is all the more important for you to read. The agriculture industry is a multibillion-dollar trade, supporting jobs for many of our

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19 Feb
Strangles: In horses, it can be as bad as it sounds

STRANGLES is a highly contagious bacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract of horses. The infection is caused by the bacterium Streptococcus equi subspecies equi. The term “strangles” arose from the occasional suffocation of horses with the disease due to lymph nodes of the head and obstruction of the airway.

18 Feb
Southeastern University: A blossoming flower

ON FEBRUARY 5, Southeastern University was the featured program at the Lakeland Area Chamber of Commerce’s annual dinner. The college proudly presented its choral group, jazz band, and a talk from Dr. Kent Ingle, the institution’s president. An exciting drum-line performance capped an exhilarating evening.

18 Feb
PCFB President’s Column: Ag sector will keep tabs on Florida Legislature

As I write this column, we are well into preparations for the Polk Agriculture Economic Summit event, and I could not be more encouraged about the momentum that the event and the presentation of the Polk Agriculture Economic Impact Study will bring to both the agriculture community and the future direction of Polk County as

29 Jan
Homestead-based orchid growers make a difference for grieving families through horticulture

THE LOSS OF a child by any event is sorrowful to parents, other relatives and friends. A group known as The Compassionate Friends focuses on consoling families who have lost children. They enlisted the help of Silver Vase, Inc. of Homestead, FL who has joined them by donations of flowers, specifically orchids.

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29 Jan
Investing in a diverging world

OPEN ANY NEWSPAPER or scroll through the latest newsfeed and it’s clear that we’re living in an economic climate marked by ambiguity. Across geographies, the pace of economic growth varies, government policy is clouded by uncertainty, and broader geopolitical instability persists. These are among many factors contributing to “a diverging world.”

28 Jan
From the Editor’s Desk: More great agri-events coming soon

BETWEEN THE FAIRS and festivals, as well as the trade shows, educational courses, meetings, and more, we wanted to do an expanded calendar for this edition to give you a better snapshot of all that’s happening in your ag community. However, there’s only so much you can fit on a page. If you’re an ag

28 Jan
Filling big shoes in the ag industry

WHEN YOU’RE THE fourth-generation owners of the oldest business in town, you’ve got some big shoes to fill. My brother, Jacob, and I are running (and expanding) the Okeechobee family-owned business, Domer’s, Inc.

28 Jan
Key things you need to know about Obamacare for 2015

THIS MONTH, we wrap up a five-column series on the Affordable Care Act (ACA, Obamacare), the 2010 healthcare insurance law that, whether one likes it or not, has touched or will touch almost everyone in this country in some way. (You can’t even escape a question about health insurance on your tax return.) By even

26 Jan
Taking rabies precautions for your equine

RABIES IS A NEUROLOGICAL disease of horses and all mammals. Although it occurs infrequently in horses, it has considerable public health significance. Rabies is a zoonotic disease, meaning it can be transmitted to humans. Rabies is always fatal once the animal or human shows clinical signs of the disease, and so the risk should be

24 Jan
Tree Assistance Program (TAP) qualifications

FOR SEVERAL YEARS, the Tree Assistance Program (TAP) has provided financial assistance to qualifying orchardists and nursery tree growers to replant or rehabilitate eligible trees, bushes, and vines that have been damaged by natural disasters or diseases, such as canker or greening. Thanks to the Agricultural Act of 2014, TAP is now a permanent disaster

24 Jan
Refrigeration efficiency in cold-storage warehousing

THE KEY CONTROL elements of any public refrigerated warehousing (PRW) operation are air, moisture, and temperature. Better control of these factors equates to better refrigeration, more efficient use of utilities (electricity) and refrigerant (ammonia), and greater confidence that warehoused products (usually perishable food products) won’t spoil from temperature deviations.